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Centre for Environmental Rights - Advancing Environmental Rights in South Africa

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Home>Legislation>National Legislation>Environmental Framework

Environment Conservation Act, 1989

9 June 1989

The Environment Conservation has now largely been replaced by the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 but certain provisions still remain in force.

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General Policies



Identification of activities which may have a detrimental effect on the environment

Designation of provincial competent authority and local authorities who may issue authorisations for the undertaking of identified activities

Regulations made in terms of section 26

Reservation of land as Natural Areas



Section 24 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

Everyone has the right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that prevent pollution and ecological degradation; promote conservation; and secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

Report a Violation

National Environmental Crimes & Incidents Hotline (24 hours): 0800 205 005

In addition, there are a number of national and provincial hotlines that may be useful.

Contact us

  • Address:Cape Town: Second Floor, Springtime Studios, 1 Scott Road, Observatory, 7925, Cape Town - View map
  • Address:Johannesburg: Ninth Floor, Southpoint Corner, 87 De Korte Street, Braamfontein, 2001, Johannesburg - View map