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Urgenda Foundation v The State of the Netherlands (Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment)

9 October 2018

The Hague Court of Appeal 

Case number : 200.178.245/01

Date: 9 October 2018

Judges:M.A.F. Tan-de Sonnaville, S.A. Boele and P. Glazener

In this matter the Hague Court of Appeal found that the State of the Netherlands had been acting unlawfully (because in contravention of the duty of care under Articles 2 and 8 ECHR) by failing to pursue a more ambitious reduction target for greenhouse gas emissions as of end-2020, and that the State should reduce emissions by at least 25% by end-2020.

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The Hague District Court 

Case No: C/09/456689 / HA ZA 13-1396 (English translation)

Date: 24 June 2015

Type: Application to compel

Re: Climate Change mitigation in the Netherlands

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Section 24 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

Everyone has the right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that prevent pollution and ecological degradation; promote conservation; and secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

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