Skip to Content

Centre for Environmental Rights – Advancing Environmental Rights in South Africa

Support Us Join our Mailing List



Municipalities’ efforts to procure clean, affordable and reliable electricity dealt a court blow

12 August 2020 at 9:00 am

Workers fit a solar panel in De Aar, Northern Cape. Photo: Nicholas Rama,
Workers fit a solar panel in De Aar, Northern Cape. Photo: Nicholas Rama,


The Pretoria High Court has handed down a judgment in the City of Cape Town’s case against the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) and the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy. In the case, the City seeks to develop its own clean electricity supply without requiring the Minister’s permission.

Judge Leonie Windell postponed the case and sent the City, NERSA and the Minister to try to resolve their differences out of court – failing which they could have the matter re-enrolled for hearing. She found the city had failed to follow a formal intergovernmental dispute process before litigating.

Centre for Environmental Rights (CER) attorney Nicole Loser said: “Resolving the standoff about electricity generation is important and urgent because government is failing to deliver clean, affordable, reliable electricity to all South Africans. Eskom’s coal fleet is unable to meet the country’s power demands even in this severely depressed economy. South Africans need the Minister, NERSA and local government to work fast to resolve their differences and find the cleanest and least expensive ways to keep the lights on.”

Recent research by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) indicates that South Africa will not have enough generating capacity to meet demand for up to five years, meaning years of load shedding risk with an estimated R60 to R120-billion economic cost. How bad it is depends on decisions that are made now.

CER joined the case as a friend of the court (amicus curiae) in 2019 to bring to the court’s attention the Constitutional obligations of local government to protect the environment, including people’s health and wellbeing.

In court, CER argued that local government’s duty is both to provide affordable and accessible electricity services and to provide electricity without giving rise to harmful and avoidable air and water pollution and climate change. To the extent that local government intends to generate clean and affordable electricity capacity (which would be aligned with its Constitutional obligations), national government must support and facilitate local government electricity generation.

South Africa’s coal-dominated electricity system makes it Africa’s worst greenhouse gas emitter. Air pollution from Eskom’s coal-fired power fleet causes thousands of premature South African deaths annually, has severe negative impacts for the health, wellbeing and development of children, and makes many more people too sick to work.

“Every day that government delays is another day of load shedding,” said Loser. “Government’s energy policies are opaque and ambiguous, and it shows no credible sign of delivering a just energy transition.”




  • Nicole Loser – Attorney in the Pollution and Climate Change Programme: [email protected]; +27 72 133 9394
  • Lerato Letebele Balendran – CER Communications Head: [email protected] +27 79 071 7442